A penetration test, also known as a pen test, is a simulated cyber-attack against your computer system to check for exploitable vulnerabilities. In the context of web application security, penetration testing is commonly used to augment a web application firewall (WAF).
Pen testing can involve the attempted breaching of any number of application systems, (e.g., application protocol interfaces (APIs), frontend/backend servers) to uncover vulnerabilities, such as unsanitized inputs that are susceptible to code injection attacks.
Methods of Pen testing:
External penetration tests target the assets of a company that are visible on the internet, e.g., the web application itself, the company website, and email and domain name servers (DNS).
In an internal test, a tester with access to an application behind its firewall simulates an attack by a malicious insider. This is not necessarily simulating a rogue employee. A common starting scenario can be an employee whose credentials were stolen due to a phishing attack.
In a blind test, a tester is only given the name of the enterprise that’s being targeted. This gives security personnel a real-time look into how an actual application assault would take place.
In a double blind test, security personnel have no prior knowledge of the simulated attack. As in the real world, they won’t have any time to shore up their defenses before an attempted breach.
In this scenario, both the tester and security personnel work together and keep each other appraised of their movements. This is a valuable training exercise that provides a security team with real-time feedback from a hacker’s point of view.
How Pen testing Benefits your Business
Identify and Prioritize Risks:
Performing regular penetration tests allows your organization to evaluate web application, internal, and external network security 4 methods of pen testing.
Prevent Hackers from Infiltrating Systems:
Penetration tests are much like practicing for a real-life hack by a real-life hacker
Mature your Environment
Continuing to mature the security posture within your organization’s environment is a great way to maintain a competitive advantage against other organizations in your industry.
Avoid Costly Data Breaches and Loss of Business Operability
Recovering from the aftermath of a data breach is no doubt expensive.
Legal fees, IT remediation, customer protection programs, loss in sales, and discouraged customers can costs organizations upwards of millions of dollars
Comply with Industry Standards and Regulations