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Defend Against Threats & Suspicious Activities with Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps.

Updated: Jun 11

1.1. Improving Organizational Security with Microsoft Defender for Cloud App


Defend Against Threats & Suspicious Activities with Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps.

Organizations increasingly rely on cloud apps to streamline operations, facilitate collaboration, and spur creativity in today's quickly changing digital landscape. The advantages of cloud computing come with some serious security challenges for companies of all sizes and in all sectors; ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive data across numerous cloud apps has become of utmost importance.

Enter Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps, a potent solution created to equip enterprises with a full suite of capabilities to strengthen their cloud security posture. MDCA provides unmatched visibility, control, and protection over cloud apps with a rich set of features that are specifically crafted to fulfil the complex security requirements of modern enterprises. Detecting risks, locating shadow IT, and upholding data security are all part of the process.

Defend Against Threats & Suspicious Activities with Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps.

1.2. How Alif Cloud Consulting Help?

We help Organizations improve the security of their infrastructure. We help reduce risks related to unauthorized cloud app usage with tailored policies, access controls, and data loss prevention methods. Real-time threat monitoring enables prompt reactions to abnormalities, and The cloud app discovery feature assists in discovering potential security flaws.

A comprehensive defense approach includes educating staff members about cloud security best practices and integrating the solution with current technologies. Our IT Security teams work together to synchronize setups, and consistent policy reviews and compliance checks uphold high-security standards. We improve cloud security posture based on incident insights, strengthening security for its priceless data and applications in the cloud environment.

In this document, we will see a case study and detailed information on Protecting Organizations Against Threats and Suspicious Activities with Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps.

1.3. Case Example: Data Breach Impact on AG Healthcare Organization

This case example will help you to get real-time information on incidents and prevention steps taken by Alif Cloud.


Healthcare Hospital A is a medium-sized healthcare facility that provides medical services to many patients. The hospital uses various cloud applications for managing patient records, scheduling appointments, and communicating with medical staff.

Challenges: Lack of Security

AG Healthcare Hospital had not implemented a comprehensive cloud app security solution. This led to a lack of visibility and control over the cloud applications being used by the hospital staff. There was no mechanism to monitor data sharing, enforce data protection policies, or detect potential security threats.


One day, the hospital's IT team was alerted to a potential security breach involving the exposure of patient medical records. An unauthorized individual gained access to a cloud application used by hospital staff to manage patient information. This individual accessed and downloaded many patient records containing sensitive medical history, diagnoses, and personal details.


The unauthorized access and data breach had severe consequences for AG Healthcare


Patient Privacy Violation

The breach compromised the privacy of numerous patients. Personal medical information, including diagnoses and treatment plans, was exposed.

Regulatory Non-Compliance:

The hospital was subject to regulatory fines due to violations of HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) regulations, which mandate the protection of patient health information.

Reputation Damage

News of the data breach spread quickly, causing public outrage and eroding patient trust. The hospital's reputation suffered, leading to patient attrition and potential legal action.

Legal Consequences

The breach resulted in potential lawsuits from affected patients seeking compensation for violating their privacy and the mishandling of their medical data.

Financial Losses

In addition to regulatory fines and potential legal settlements, the hospital faced financial losses due to the costs associated with managing the breach, notifying affected patients, and implementing security improvements.

1.4. What we did?

Solution Alif Cloud helped the client protect the data and enhance the organisation's security.


Implementing Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps: Recognizing the severity of the incident and the need to enhance data security, AG Healthcare Hospital decided to implement Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps provided the hospital with the tools needed to gain visibility into cloud app usage, enforce data protection policies, and detect and respond to security threats. Certainly, if you've already implemented Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps and want to describe the process, I can help you with that.

Here's how you might describe the implementation in three parts:

We have started the initial stage by Setting Up Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps. We've successfully implemented Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps to enhance the organization’s cloud security. This involved the following steps: Cloud Discovery: To gain better visibility into our cloud app landscape, we configured cloud discovery. This allowed us to identify our environment's various cloud apps and services. Using API connectors, agents, or logs, we established connections between Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps and our cloud infrastructure.

Strengthening Security Measures

With Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps in place, we fortified our security posture through these steps:

App Policies

We formulated meticulous app policies to govern cloud app usage. By defining conditions like app categories, risk levels, user groups, and specific actions, we ensured that our employees interact with cloud apps within secure boundaries. For instance, we set up policies restricting access to high-risk apps and mandated multi-factor authentication for select applications.

Threat Protection

Our implementation included enabling robust threat protection capabilities. These features allowed us to proactively identify and respond to potential security threats within our cloud apps. By configuring anomaly detection, user behavior analytics, and leveraging Microsoft Threat Intelligence integration, we bolstered our ability to pinpoint and counteract malicious activities.

Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

Our implementation strategy embraced data loss prevention. With well-defined DLP policies, we guarded against the inadvertent sharing of sensitive data within cloud apps. These policies, powered by rules we established, effectively identified and safeguarded sensitive information like credit card numbers and proprietary data, mitigating risks of data exposure.

1.5. How it helped?

It helped the client in various aspects and Increased visibility into cloud app usage, risk reduction through policy enforcement, advanced threat detection and anomaly analytics, robust data loss prevention, compliance adherence, efficient incident response, cohesive security integration, user awareness for secure practices, continuous adaptation to evolving landscapes, potential cost savings through breach prevention, and improved performance are just a few of the many advantages of implementing Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps.

With the help of this solution, businesses can embrace cloud computing with confidence, protect critical data, and keep a strong, proactive security posture. Continuous adaptation to evolving landscapes, potential cost savings through breach prevention, and improved productivity. This solution empowers organizations to confidently embrace cloud technology, safeguard sensitive data, and maintain a proactive, robust security posture. Active Monitoring, Integration, and Continual Improvement

Monitoring and Investigation

We actively utilize the Microsoft Defender Security Center to monitor alerts, incidents, and user activities tied to our cloud apps. This enables us to swiftly respond to security incidents and conduct thorough investigations, ultimately minimizing potential risks.

We seamlessly integrated Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps for comprehensive security coverage with our other Microsoft 365 security solutions. This synergistic approach ensures a holistic protection mechanism across our digital landscape.

Continuous Review

We believe in staying ahead of the curve. Therefore, we regularly help clients review real-time policies, configurations, and alerts. This practice ensures that our security measures remain aligned with evolving cloud app usage patterns and emerging security threats.

Our successful implementation of Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps reflects our commitment to maintaining a robust cloud security posture, safeguarding our data, and staying agile in the face of ever-evolving cybersecurity challenges.

1.6. Results

After implementing Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps, AG Healthcare Hospital observed significant


Visibility and Control

The hospital gained visibility into cloud app usage, allowing IT administrators to monitor data flows, track user activities, and identify potential security risks.

Data Protection

MDCA’s policies were configured to prevent unauthorized data sharing and access. Sensitive patient data was better protected against potential breaches.

Threat Detection

MDCA’s threat detection capabilities helped the hospital identify unusual activities and potential security threats in real time.

Incident Response

The hospital's IT team could respond promptly to detected security incidents, minimizing the impact and potential harm.

Regulatory Compliance

Microsoft Defender for Cloud Applications data protection features helped the hospital adhere to HIPAA regulations and avoid further regulatory fines.

The following are the types of unusual activities by users which is detected by Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps

Detected Threat name/s

  • Unusual multiple file download activities

  • Unusual file share activities

  • Unusual file deletion activities

  • Unusual impersonated activities

  • Unusual administrative activities

Threat Category

Email, Data

Detected by

  • Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps

  • Alert Policies in Microsoft 365

Threat description

Once the attacker has gained initial access and has successfully compromised a user account, the attacker can start exfiltrating data, move laterally by impersonating the user, drop malware to shared storage, or outright destroy data. If the compromised user also happens to be a privileged account, the attacker can do further damage and will often try to establish persistence throughout the organization.

Security operations teams are challenged to monitor user activity, suspicious or otherwise, across all dimensions of the identity attack surface, using multiple security solutions that often are not connected. While many companies now have hunting teams to proactively identify threats in their environments, knowing what to look for across the vast amount of data can be a challenge.

Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps can detect user anomalies by scanning user activity and using user and entity behavioural analytics and machine learning.

After an initial learning period, each session is compared to the baseline activity and a risk score is calculated by looking at over 30 different risk indicators.

All user sessions are analyzed, and an alert is triggered when something happens that is different from the baseline of the organization or from the user’s regular activity.

Recommended analysis

Microsoft Sentinel Investigate incidents with Microsoft Sentinel

Microsoft 365 Defender Investigate incidents in Microsoft 365 Defender

Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps Anomaly Detection policies Alert Policies in Microsoft 365 Alert Policies in Microsoft 365


Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps

  • To detect suspicious mailbox activities and automate responses, it is important to deploy Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps with anomaly detection policies.

Alert Policies in Microsoft 365

  • Enable alert policies related to suspicious user activities.

1.7 Conclusion

The data breach incident at Healthcare Hospital A highlighted the critical importance of implementing comprehensive cloud app security measures in the healthcare sector. Through the implementation of Microsoft Cloud App Security, the hospital was able to regain control over its cloud applications, enhance data protection, and mitigate potential security risks. The incident served as a valuable lesson for the organization and emphasized the need for proactive measures to safeguard patient privacy, maintain regulatory compliance, and preserve the trust of the community.

Alif Cloud also helps clients by providing training and awareness programs to empower employees, and we provide consistent user education.

By imparting knowledge about secure cloud app practices and adhering to established guidelines, we foster a culture of responsible cloud app usage.

Our successful implementation of Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps reflects our commitment to maintaining a robust cloud security posture, safeguarding our data, and staying agile in the face of ever-evolving cybersecurity challenges.

1.8 Timeline

The following is a schedule for adopting Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps for 6 to 7 weeks:

Timeline for Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps

To guarantee successful implementation within the 6- to 7-week timeframe, this deadline may call for intense efforts, effective project management, and the allocation of resources.

1.9 Consultant / People Involved

The project was led by a team of proficient consultants who orchestrated the MDCA implementation process.

This collaborative effort not only bolstered data security measures but also empowered the client's internal teams with advanced skills,

preparing them to navigate future challenges effectively.

Team Members

  1. A highly experienced L3 expert with 14 years of security expertise, offering a deep well of knowledge in safeguarding data.

  2. Another seasoned L3 expert with 11 years of specialized experience in the field, renowned for their precision in Security and compliance.

  3. An adept L2, boasting 3 years of valuable experience in Data Loss Prevention, brought a fresh perspective and innovative ideas to the project.

  4. An L2 with 2 years of experience in the same domain added youthful energy and enthusiasm to the team, contributing to the project's success.

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